Maria Lanzar (1923) was the first Barbour Scholar to earn a doctoral degree, along with Yi-fang Wu, in 1928. Mariagraduated with a doctorate in Political Science in 1928. As the first Barbour Scholar from Manila, Lanzar studied the methods by which American sovereignty was exercised in the Philippines. For her dissertation, The Anti-Imperialist League, Maria obtained material from libraries in Boston, Philadelphia, New York, and Washington, and also from personal files of American politicians and statesmen who had taken part in legislation regarding the Philippines. After receiving her Ph.D. she returned to Manila as a member of the faculty in political science and also served for several years as Dean of Women. Maria served as an active member of the Philippine Association of University Women and the Philippine Academy of Social Sciences.