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Required Academic Credentials from Non-U.S. Institutions

Applicants should follow the transcript submission process indicated on the Transcript page.

The assessment of a degree from an international institution is based upon the characteristics of a national system of education, the type of institution, the accreditation/recognition, the level of study, and number of years of post-secondary study. If an applicant is offered admission, Rackham will evaluate uploaded academic credentials to determine the U.S. degree equivalency and estimated U.S. grade point average.

If you completed coursework for your degree at multiple institutions, indicate all institutions attended to obtain your degrees on the ApplyWeb application page 5. You will be asked to upload copies of the official transcripts from each institution attended. The Rackham Graduate School reserves the right to verify the accuracy and authenticity of the educational documents submitted.

How to Convert Grades to a U.S. GPA

If you attended an institution outside the United States, follow these steps to convert your average GPA to an approximate U.S. GPA.

Use the Scholaro GPA Calculator if your institution provides the cumulative average grade (e.g., 88/100, 8.5/10, or 4.6/5.0) on your academic record/transcript, take this average to convert to an approximate U.S. GPA.

If your institution does not provide the average or you attended more than one institution, calculate your average using the following formula for each institution you attended:

  1. Add all the numerical results for courses taken during your undergraduate study.
  2. Divide the sum total number by the number of courses taken. This is your average result.
  3. Take this average and convert using the Scholaro GPA Calculator.

English Translation Guidelines

English translations must be literal, word for word translations in the same format as the original academic record. If your academic institution does not supply an official translation, we will accept an official translation prepared by a professional licensed translation service or from an Education USA office in your region.

Requirements by Country or Region

Africa: British-Patterned Systems

  • Botswana
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Cameroon
  • Ghana
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Malawi
  • Malta
  • Mauritius
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa
  • Swaziland
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Zimbabwe

Degree Required

  • Four-year university Bachelor’s degree
  • Bachelor degree with Honours

Documents Required

  • One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript.
  • Official documents must be provided from the institution awarding the degree.

Africa: French-Patterned Systems

  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Cote d’Ivoire
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Gabon
  • Guinea
  • Madagascar
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Senegal
  • Togo

Degree Required

  • University Maitrise
  • Diplome d’Ingenieur

Documents Required

  • One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas.
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Asian Countries (excluding China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand)

Degree Required

University or college Bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas.
  • This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas.
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Australia

Degree Required

  • Four-year Bachelor’s Honours degree
  • Master’s degree following a three-year Bachelor’s (a three-year Bachelor’s degree alone is insufficient for admission consideration to a Rackham Graduate Program).

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript.

Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen

Degree Required

Completion of a Bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of four years of university study.

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript, in English only.

Canada

Degree Required

  • Three-year Bacheliere degree from Quebec
  • Four-year Bachelor’s degree

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript.

Central, Eastern, and Western Europe

Degree Required

University degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Central and South America

Degree Required

University degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable). An apostille certification is not necessary.
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

China

Degree Required

University Bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records.
  • If you completed coursework for your degree at multiple institutions, provide the required documents from each institution.
  • All sets must include two versions of your official, final transcripts. If you have completed all the degree requirements and the degree has been awarded, submit the Certificate of Graduation, and Degree Certificate (a copy of the original certificate of graduation and degree certificate attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.
  • The official transcript must include all completed coursework and grades received using the numerical grading system. Transcripts with letter grades are only accepted from Fudan University and Tongji University as letter grades are the standard practice there.

France

Degree Required

  • Completion of a University Maitrise
  • Completion of the first two years of the Diplome d’Ingenieur from a Grandes Ecoles

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Germany

Degree Required

  • Diplom
  • Magister Artium
  • Staatsexamen
  • Bachelor
  • The vordiplom and zwischenpruefung are not considered adequate preparation for graduate study at the University of Michigan.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand

Degree Required

  • Completion of a Bachelor’s (Honours) degree
  • Four-year Bachelor’s degree

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript, in English only.

Iceland, Netherlands, and Norway

Degree Required

Completion of a minimum three-year Bachelor’s degree.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal

Degree Required

  • Completion of a university four-year Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, Technology, or Medicine.
  • Completion of a three-year Bachelor’s degree followed by a completed two-year Master’s degree.
  • Three-year Bachelor’s degrees do not meet the minimum requirements for admission to the Rackham Graduate School.

Documents Required

  • One set of university official final transcripts/academic records/mark sheets from all semesters and diploma (a copy of the original diploma certified by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable), indicating degree and date conferred.
  • If you have completed all the degree requirements and the degree has been awarded, submit the Degree diploma (a copy of the original diploma attested by the university awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • Official documents must be provided from the Registrar or Controller of Examinations at the institution awarding the degree.
  • Provisional Certificates are not acceptable

Submitting Academic Documents from India Electronically

We only accept electronic transcripts from India sent via TrueCopy Credentials.

Israel

Degree Required

Completion of a three to five year Bachelor’s degree.

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript, in English only.

Italy

Degree Required

Completion of a four to six year Laurea di dottore (traditional) or three-year Laurea degree.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Middle East and North Africa

Degree Required

Completion of a Bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of four years of university study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Portugal

Degree Required

Completion of a Licenciado degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Russian Federation

Completion of a Bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of four years of university study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

Scotland

Degree Required

Completion of a first degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript.

Spain

Degree Required

Completion of a Graduado en (field of study, formerly Licenciado) degree requiring a minimum of four years of study.

Documents Required

  • One set of official academic records. This set must include two versions of your official, final transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).
  • One version must be in the native language.
  • One version must be an official English translation.

United Kingdom (Excluding Scotland)

Degree Required

Completion of a Bachelor’s (Honours) degree.

Documents Required

One set of official final transcripts with the Bachelor’s degree posted or a current “in progress” transcript.

European Higher Education Area

Degree Required

Applicants whose educational experience includes a Bachelor’s, Master’s, or a Ph.D. degree based on the three-cycle structure will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis to determine eligibility.

Documents Required

  • One set of official diploma supplements, official transcripts, or academic records and diplomas in the native language and official translations of all documents.
  • If you attended more than one institution to complete degree requirements, (example: ERASMUS/exchange program), you must submit official academic records from all institutions where you completed coursework toward the degree.
  • Submit the Transcript or Academic Records Submission Form with your official academic records or transcripts.
  • The diploma supplement is acceptable for completed programs when submitting your official transcripts and diplomas (a copy of the original diploma attested by the institution awarding the degree is acceptable).

Contact Admissions

0120 Rackham Building
915 East Washington Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070
Phone: 734.764.8129
Fax: 734.936.3335

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The office is closed Saturdays and Sundays and on the following holidays: Thanksgiving (Thursday and the following Friday), Christmas through New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day (July 4), and Labor Day.

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